One of the best ways to use rice hull besides using them for composting or manure is to transform them into charcoal. Carbonization of rice hull is done using a specially designed machine to produce carbon that can be processed further into activated carbon. Other types of biomass that can be used in the process include crop stalks, coconut shells, wood chips, among others. It is important to have an idea of the design of the rice hull carbonization machine and how it works before you get one for yourself.
Design of the Rice Hull Carbonization Machine
A rice hull carbonization machine comprises of a shredder, carbonization host, gasifier, spray tower, and dusting system. It features a dual-layer design, where the bottom part of the machine gets into contact with as much hot air as possible, which helps maximize utilization efficiency right from the beginning. During the charcoal production process, the machine heats up by as much as three times, after which the temperature drops to below 100 degrees centigrade.
How Does the Continuous Rice Hull Carbonizer Machine Work?
The rice hull is fed into the gasifier and fuel is piped into the cooling system to produce combustible gas that is responsible for carbonization of rice hull. The machine is automatic, which ensures continuous production through the automated feeder and discharging system. The system ensures that raw materials are fed from a particular side then discharged from the other side, thus maximizing production efficiency.
Most of the rice hull carbonization machines today have special control systems separating the machine from the operator. A protective shell is also included, which helps ensure that the operator is never exposed directly to the high temperatures involved. The machine has a temperature detection and regulation system that ensures that operators are always assured of their safety.
What is the End-Product of Carbonization?
Once the raw materials (rice husks) have gone through the carbonization machine, they are transformed into artificial carbon. The end-product contains as much as 90 percent carbon content, which is almost twice as much as the carbon content of natural coal. The carbonized rice hull can be further reprocessed into activated carbon, which contains up to 75 percent carbon content and used in manufacturing industries.
The activated carbon can be used in waste water recycling while the carbonized rice hull can be used as fuel both domestically or even in factories. It can even be exported to the international market for various applications.
1. Waste Reduction
The rice hull carbonization machine reduces waste by transforming agricultural waste material into something valuable instead on leaving it to decompose in landfills.
2. Improves Soil Quality
Farmers usually dispose rice hull into landfills, which means that it does not help to improve the quality of soil in farms once it decomposes. The carbonized rice hull can be used as a material for enriching farm soil, enhancing the growth of seedlings, and as a growing medium for the production of various crops.
3. Income Generation
Carbonization of rice hull is a great way to earn an additional income without the need to source for raw materials. A typical carbonization machine transforms any biomass material into charcoal or activated carbon. The machines are usually quite easy to use, which means that you can operate it on your own without having to hire other people. This means that you earn more once you sell the carbonized rice hull.
The Bottom Line
The rice hull carbonization machine is an incredibly useful piece of equipment that transforms biomass into carbon that can be used in various ways. Now that you know how important and useful this equipment can be, you should consider getting one for yourself.